Atmospheric Diving Systems (ADS)

Project Description

While our role has been nominal to-date, we coordinated the first scientific end-user training program at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution for the Exosuit ADS, and were there for the first scientific mission deployment of the Exosuit ADS at the legendary Bronze age wreck site of Antikythera, Greece. These early efforts set the tone for a vibrant future for atmospheric diving.

The niche that ADS fills within human intervention is a narrow but critical one – when the need arises to place the human eye coupled with manipulative dexterity at depths when wet diving poses nearly insurmountable limitations in physiology and impractical cost, ADS becomes the platform of choice. In time, with advancements in hand-like appendages and enhanced limb movement, ADS will provide the human access to the continental shelf margin that humanity has only dreamed about for nearly a century.

Our Contributions


Lombardi, MR. (2014). Exosuit ADS Training & Proficiency Guide. JFW internal document, sanctioned by Technical Diving International. US Copyright Registration TXu-1-906-153. March 1, 2014. 49pp.


Lombardi, MR. (2016) Proposed Standards of Practice and Recommendations for Inclusion of Atmospheric Diving System (ADS) End-User Training and Operations within the Scientific Community. In Lobel, LK., & Lombardi, MR. (editors) (2016) Diving for Science 2016: Proceedings of the AAUS 35th Scientific Symposium, September 20-14, 2016, Narragansett, RI. Dauphin Island, AL: American Academy of Underwater Sciences. ISBN 978-0-9962343-1-3. Pp. 86-98.

Lombardi, MR. (2016) A Paradigm Shift for Human Exploration of the Sea: Standards of Practice, Training, and Program Development for Atmospheric Diving. Marine Technology Society Journal. Volume 50, Number 1. January/February 2016. Pp. 27-33 w/cover photo.

Lombardi, MR. (guest editor) (2013) Marine Technology Society Journal: Diving Technologies & Techniques for the 21st Century. Volume 47, Number 6. November/December 2013. 100pp.

Lombardi, MR. (2014). Technical Diving International (TDI) Exosuit ADS Training Standard. Edit 2014.

Lombardi, MR. (editor) (2014) Exosuit Atmospheric Diving System Manual. Sections 1 – 7. JFW internal document. Revision 1, April 22, 2014. 349 pages.

Lombardi, MR and Clark, JF. (2013) Training Regimen for Exosuit Atmospheric Diving System: Considerations for Next-Generation Scientific and Commercial Applications. Sea Technology Magazine. December 2013. Pp. 10-13.

Lombardi, MR. (2013- 2014) Special Blog Series: #thehumanelement. Hosted on National Geographic Society’s Explorer’s Journal.